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Some cancer treatments, such as those listed below, may cause urinary and bladder problems:

  • Radiation therapy to the pelvis (including reproductive organs, the bladder, colon and rectum) can irritate the bladder and urinary tract. These problems often start several weeks after radiation therapy begins and go away several weeks after treatment has been completed.

  • Some types of chemotherapy and immunotherapy can also affect or damage cells in the bladder and kidneys.

  • Surgery to remove the prostate (prostatectomy), bladder cancer surgery, and surgery to remove a woman’s uterus, the tissue on the sides of the uterus, the cervix, and the top part of the vagina (radical hysterectomy) can also cause urinary problems. These types of surgery may also increase the risk of a urinary tract infection. 

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neurogenic bladder catheter side view (2
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"When my foley catheter was removed, I had to learn how to self catheterize several times per day. And measure volume as shown below. Preventing urine from backing up into my kidneys. The straight catheter tube is inserted into the urethra up until it enters the bladder and empties it directly. Yet another thing I survived" -The Survivor Diva, Angela

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